Social Inequality Across the Generations

Social Inequality Across the Generations
Author: Jani Erola,Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9781786432568
Available:
Release: 2017-03-31
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
Language: en

Resume:

Social Inequality Across the Generations provides an innovative perspective on social stratification studies by advancing the theoretical and empirical case for the influence of resource compensation. It examines whether resource compensation is a successful mechanism for social mobility, contrasting it against competing types of resource accumulation such as multiplication. This book is the first to cover extensively the role of compensation in intergenerational attainment – a new and rapidly spreading concept in stratification research.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Kathryn Neckerman
Pages: 1044
ISBN: 9781610444200
Available:
Release: 2004-06-18
Editor: Russell Sage Foundation
Language: en

Resume:

Inequality in income, earnings, and wealth has risen dramatically in the United States over the past three decades. Most research into this issue has focused on the causes—global trade, new technology, and economic policy—rather than the consequences of inequality. In Social Inequality, a group of the nation's leading social scientists opens a wide-ranging inquiry into the social implications of rising economic inequality. Beginning with a critical evaluation of the existing research, they assess whether the recent run-up in economic inequality has been accompanied by rising inequality in social domains such as the quality of family and neighborhood life, equal access to education and health care, job satisfaction, and political participation. Marcia Meyers and colleagues find that many low-income mothers cannot afford market-based child care, which contributes to inequality both at the present time—by reducing maternal employment and family income—and through the long-term consequences of informal or low-quality care on children's educational achievement. At the other end of the educational spectrum, Thomas Kane links the growing inequality in college attendance to rising tuition and cuts in financial aid. Neil Fligstein and Taek-Jin Shin show how both job security and job satisfaction have decreased for low-wage workers compared with their higher-paid counterparts. Those who fall behind economically may also suffer diminished access to essential social resources like health care. John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe discuss why higher inequality may lead to poorer health: wider inequality might mean increased stress-related ailments for the poor, and it might also be associated with public health care policies that favor the privileged. On the political front, Richard Freeman concludes that political participation has become more stratified as incomes have become more unequal. Workers at the bottom of the income scale may simply be too hard-pressed or too demoralized to care about political participation. Social Inequality concludes with a comprehensive section on the methodological problems involved in disentangling the effects of inequality from other economic factors, which will be of great benefit to future investigators. While today's widening inequality may be a temporary episode, the danger is that the current economic divisions may set in motion a self-perpetuating cycle of social disadvantage. The most comprehensive review of this quandary to date, Social Inequality maps out a new agenda for research on inequality in America with important implications for public policy.

Foundations of Social Inequality

Foundations of Social Inequality
Author: Weinstein Professor of European Archaeology (Emeritus) T Douglas Price,T. Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
Pages: 290
ISBN: 030644979X
Available:
Release: 1995-07-31
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
Language: en

Resume:

There are few more significant questions in the prehistory of our species than the emergence of social inequality. However, despite its apparent consequence, this issue is often overlooked. In their "Foundations of Social Inequality", T. Douglas Price and Gary M. Feinman bring together the authoritative edition on this issue that is fundamental to our knowledge of the human condition. The volume includes various case studies of the transition to social inequality and a variety of theoretical approaches to provide a current, diverse view on the critical changes that have taken place in the structure of human society. Ten papers by leading scholars in the areas of social differentiation and inequality contain a plethora of theoretical perspectives and specific case studies from the Old and New World, from foraging societies to agricultural groups and complex states. "Foundations of Social Inequality" is one of the very few volumes on the prehistory and emergence of social inequality to heighten our understanding of the critical processes involved. -- From publisher's description.

Climate Change and Social Inequality

Climate Change and Social Inequality
Author: Merrill Singer
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9781351594813
Available:
Release: 2018-09-03
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

The year 2016 was the hottest year on record and the third consecutive record-breaking year in planet temperatures. The following year was the hottest in a non-El Nino year. Of the seventeen hottest years ever recorded, sixteen have occurred since 2000, indicating the trend in climate change is toward an ever warmer Earth. However, climate change does not occur in a social vacuum; it reflects relations between social groups and forces us to contemplate the ways in which we think about and engage with the environment and each other. Employing the experience-near anthropological lens to consider human social life in an environmental context, this book examines the fateful global intersection of ongoing climate change and widening social inequality. Over the course of the volume, Singer argues that the social and economic precarity of poorer populations and communities—from villagers to the urban disadvantaged in both the global North and global South—is exacerbated by climate change, putting some people at considerably enhanced risk compared to their wealthier counterparts. Moreover, the book adopts and supports the argument that the key driver of global climatic and environmental change is the global economy controlled primarily by the world’s upper class, which profits from a ceaseless engine of increased production for national middle classes who have been converted into constant consumers. Drawing on case studies from Alaska, Ecuador, Bangladesh, Haiti and Mali, Climate Change and Social Inequality will be of great interest to students and scholars of climate change and climate science, environmental anthropology, medical ecology and the anthropology of global health.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Charles E. Hurst,Heather M. Fitz Gibbon,Anne M. Nurse
Pages: 460
ISBN: 9781134995912
Available:
Release: 2016-08-05
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

Like past editions, this ninth edition of Social Inequality: Forms, Causes, and Consequences is a user-friendly introduction to the study of social inequality. This book conveys the pervasiveness and extensiveness of social inequality in the United States within a comparative context, to show how inequality occurs, how it affects all of us, and what is being done about it. This edition benefits from a variety of changes that have significantly strengthened the text. The authors pay increased attention to disability, transgender issues, intersectionality, experiences of Muslims, Hispanic populations, and immigration. The 9th edition also includes content on the fall-out from the recession across various groups. The sections on global inequalities have been greatly updated, emphasizing comparative inequalities and the impact of the process of globalization on inequality internationally. The authors have also added material on several current social movements, including Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter, and Marriage Equality.

The Hidden Cost of Being African American

The Hidden Cost of Being African American
Author: Thomas M. Shapiro
Pages: 238
ISBN: 0195181387
Available:
Release: 2005
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Language: en

Resume:

Shapiro, the author of "Black Wealth/White Wealth," blends personal stories, interviews, empirical data, and analysis to illuminate how family assets produce dramatic consequences in the everyday lives of ordinary citizens.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Louis Kriesberg
Pages: 452
ISBN: UCAL:$B652753
Available:
Release: 1979
Editor: Prentice Hall
Language: en

Resume:

Media and Social Inequality

Media and Social Inequality
Author: John C. Pollock
Pages: 194
ISBN: 9781317981015
Available:
Release: 2014-06-11
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

This book is among the first to systematically explore the impact of community inequality on reporting political and social change. Although most journalism scholars are still fascinated by the impact of media on society, Media and Social Inequality explores the reverse perspective: the impact of society on media. Using a 'community structure' approach, and rejecting the perspective that studies of media and audiences can be reduced to the individual level of psychological phenomena, all contributions examine connections between community-level 'macro' characteristics and variations in the coverage of critical issues. This innovative book differs from previous community structure volumes in two ways. First, contributions explore a far wider range of community characteristics by employing creative methodologies, modern archives, and databases that facilitate larger, more diverse samples; multilevel and longitudinal analyses; composite measures of both 'content' and editorial judgment; new technologies; and social network analysis. Second, a traditional emphasis on media as instruments of political and social 'control' is replaced by media as potential mirrors of social 'change,' exploring 'bottom-up' measures of 'vulnerability', 'concentrated disadvantage', and 'ethnic diversity/pluralism'. The volume contains two original chapters: one on nationwide US coverage of the "Occupy" movement in the expanded introduction, and another on nationwide US coverage of universal health care. This book was originally published as a special issue of Mass Communication and Society.

Understanding Social Inequality

Understanding Social Inequality
Author: Tim Butler,Paul Watt
Pages: 222
ISBN: 0761963707
Available:
Release: 2007-01-19
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Resume:

This title brings the study of social stratification and inequality into the 21st century. Starting with the widely agreed 'fact' that the world is becoming more unequal, it brings together sociological and geographical issues that show how place has become an important focus for understanding new trends in social inequality.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Louise Warwick-Booth
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781446293119
Available:
Release: 2013-08-13
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Resume:

"What makes this book stand out for me is that, as well as being theoretically informed and clearly written, its structure lends itself unmistakeably to teaching... If our aim is to teach truly engaged students, it should be our job to provide truly engaging materials. This is what you will find with this particular book. It will help to inform your disciplinary teaching of social inequality across the social sciences and it will provide a solid basis for your seminar work with students." - Helen Jones, Higher Education Academy "Warwick-Booth has provided a highly readable introductory text that will be accessible to everyone interested in this area of study, and I highly recommend it for those embarking on studies of social inequality." - LSE Review of Books What is the state of social inequality today? How can you situate yourself in the debates? This is an essential book that not only introduces you to the key areas, definitions and debates within the field, but also gives you the opportunity to reflect upon the roots of inequality and to critically analyse power relations today. With international examples and a clear interdisciplinary approach throughout, the book encourages you to look at social inequality as a complex social phenomenon that needs to be understood in a global context. This book: Looks at social divisions across societies Explores global processes and changes that are affecting inequalities Discusses social inequality in relation to class, gender and race Examines current social policy approaches to explore how these relate to inequality Reflects upon the potential solutions to inequalities This engaging and accessible introduction to social inequality is an invaluable resource for students across the social sciences. Louise Warwick-Booth is Senior Lecturer in Health Policy at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.

The Problem of Social Inequality

The Problem of Social Inequality
Author: Scott G. McNall
Pages: 316
ISBN: 9781317333432
Available:
Release: 2015-12-07
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

Within and among nations, rising levels of social inequality threaten our collective future. Currently, upwards of 80% of people’s life chances are determined by factors over which they have absolutely no control. Social inequality threatens the democratic project because it destroys the trust on which governments depend, and it gives rise to corrupt political and economic institutions. How can we get out of the traps we have created for ourselves? We need to reboot capitalism. Drawing on diverse examples from a range of countries, McNall explains the social, economic, and ecological traps we have set for ourselves and develops a set of rules of resilience that are necessary conditions for the creation and maintenance of democratic societies, and a set of rules essential for creating a sustainable future.

Social Inequality in Japan

Social Inequality in Japan
Author: Sawako Shirahase
Pages: 244
ISBN: 9781135934200
Available:
Release: 2014-01-10
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

Japan was the first Asian country to become a mature industrial society, and throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, was viewed as an ‘all-middle-class society’. However since the 1990s there have been growing doubts as to the real degree of social equality in Japan, particularly in the context of dramatic demographic shifts as the population ages whilst fertility levels continue to fall. This book compares Japan with America, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden and Taiwan in order to determine whether inequality really is a social problem in Japan. With a focus on impact demographic shifts, Sawako Shirahase examines female labour market participation, income inequality among households with children, the state of the family, generational change, single person households and income distribution among the aged, and asks whether increasing inequality and is uniquely Japanese, or if it is a social problem common across all of the societies included in this study. Crucially, this book shows that Japan is distinctive not in terms of the degree of inequality in the society, but rather, in how acutely inequality is perceived. Further, the data shows that Japan differs from the other countries examined in terms of the gender gap in both the labour market and the family, and in inequality among single-person households – single men and women, including lifelong bachelors and spinsters – and also among single parent households, who pay a heavy price for having deviated from the expected pattern of life in Japan. Drawing on extensive empirical data, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in Japanese culture and society, Japanese studies and social policy more generally.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Martin Marger
Pages: 413
ISBN: STANFORD:36105029095002
Available:
Release: 1999
Editor: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Language: en

Resume:

A textbook for an interdisciplinary undergraduate course that addresses what Marger (sociology, Michigan State U.) sees as a major deficiency that others either analyze only one form of social equality or analytically conflate them making it difficult to distinguish them. She engages class, racial a

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Louise Warwick-Booth
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781446287255
Available:
Release: 2013-10-23
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Resume:

What is the state of social inequality today? How can you situate yourself in the debates? This is an essential book that not only introduces you to the key areas, definitions and debates within the field, but also gives you the opportunity to reflect upon the roots of inequality and to critically analyse power relations today. With international examples and a clear interdisciplinary approach throughout, the book encourages you to look at social inequality as a complex social phenomenon that needs to be understood in a global context. This book: Looks at social divisions across societies Explores global processes and changes that are affecting inequalities Discusses social inequality in relation to class, gender and race Examines current social policy approaches to explore how these relate to inequality Reflects upon the potential solutions to inequalities This engaging and accessible introduction to social inequality is an invaluable resource for students across the social sciences. Louise Warwick-Booth is Senior Lecturer in Health Policy at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.

Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U S Society

Social Inequality and Social Stratification in U S  Society
Author: Christopher Doob
Pages: 408
ISBN: 9781317344209
Available:
Release: 2015-08-27
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

Social Inequality – examining our present while understanding our past. Social Inequality and Social Statification in US Society, 1st edition uses a historical and conceptual framework to explain social stratification and social inequality. The historical scope gives context to each issue discussed and allows the reader to understand how each topic has evolved over the course of American history. The authors use qualitative data to help explain socioeconomic issues and connect related topics. Each chapter examines major concepts, so readers can see how an individual’s success in stratified settings often relies heavily on their access to valued resources–types of capital which involve finances, schooling, social networking, and cultural competence. Analyzing the impact of capital types throughout the text helps map out the prospects for individuals, families, and also classes to maintain or alter their position in social-stratification systems. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Analyze the four major American classes, as well as how race and gender are linked to inequalities in the United States Understand attempts to reduce social inequality Identify major historical events that have influenced current trends Understand how qualitative sources help reveal the inner workings that accompany people’s struggles with the socioeconomic order Recognize the impact of social-stratification systems on individuals and families

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
Author: Charles E. Hurst
Pages: 448
ISBN: 9781317344230
Available:
Release: 2015-10-14
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

A user-friendly introduction to social inequality. This text is a broad introduction to the many types of inequality– economics, status, political power, sex and gender, sexual orientation, race, and ethnicity– in U.S. society and in a global setting. The author provides a wide range of explanations for inequality and, using the latest research on the multiple impacts of inequality, surveys in detail the personal and social consequences of social inequality. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Understand that inequality is multidimensional Understand that it is essential to understand the explanations of the various forms of inequality in order to further a resolution to any inequality’s undesirable consequences Understand the discussion of inequality in its broader, historical cultural and international context

Social Inequality in a Global Age

Social Inequality in a Global Age
Author: Scott Sernau
Pages: 408
ISBN: 9781483373997
Available:
Release: 2016-05-04
Editor: SAGE Publications
Language: en

Resume:

This updated Fifth Edition of Scott Sernau's acclaimed text provides a sociological framework for analyzing inequality within the United States in the context of global stratification and a rapidly changing world economy. With insightful analysis, the text provides an accessible introduction to stratification systems and the structural and personal realities of growing class divides. Using examples drawn straight from today's headlines, Sernau explores each dimension of inequality as he analyzes the relationship between changing global power and growing inequalities within countries. Throughout, a focus on social action and community engagement encourages students to become involved, active learners in the classroom and engaged citizens in their communities.

Social Inequality The Politics of Representation

Social Inequality   The Politics of Representation
Author: Celine-Marie Pascale
Pages: 339
ISBN: 9781412992213
Available:
Release: 2013
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Resume:

This anthology critically analyzes how cultures around the world make social categories of race, class, gender and sexuality meaningful in particular ways. The collection uses a wide range of readings to examine how contemporary issues of race, class, gender, and sexuality are constructed, mobilized, and transformed. Unlike many books in this area, the U.S. is not analytical center. However, for U.S. students this approach allows them to appreciate their personal class system from a more dynamic and ultimately relevant perspective. They will feel compelled to challenge their personal beliefs about inequality and will be encouraged to contemplate how the growing global economy will impact their personal social standings. This anthology will include 4 sections - race/ethnicity, gender, sexuality, wealth/poverty - and approximately 20 total readings. The book, as well as each section, will include comprehensive introductions to frame the international issues for U.S. students.

Globalization and Transformations of Social Inequality

Globalization and Transformations of Social Inequality
Author: Ulrike Schuerkens
Pages: 308
ISBN: 9781136954061
Available:
Release: 2010-06-10
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

Social inequality is a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization has exacerbated and alleviated inequality over the past twenty-five years. This volume offers analytical and comparative insights from current case studies of social inequality in more than ten countries within all the major regions of the world. Contributors provide an assessment of the overall social globalization phenomenon in the global world as well as an outlook of transformations of global social inequality in the future. This book will be a timely addition for students and scholars of globalization studies, social inequality, sociology, and cultural and social anthropology.

Social Inequality in Post Growth Japan

Social Inequality in Post Growth Japan
Author: David Chiavacci,Carola Hommerich
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781317245339
Available:
Release: 2016-09-13
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Resume:

In recent decades Japan has changed from a strongly growing, economically successful nation regarded as prime example of social equality and inclusion, to a nation with a stagnating economy, a shrinking population and a very high proportion of elderly people. Within this, new forms of inequality are emerging and deepening, and a new model of Japan as 'gap society' (kakusa shakai) has become common-sense. These new forms of inequality are complex, are caused in different ways by a variety of factors, and require deep-seated reforms in order to remedy them. This book provides a comprehensive overview of inequality in contemporary Japan. It examines inequality in labour and employment, in welfare and family, in education and social mobility, in the urban-rural divide, and concerning immigration, ethnic minorities and gender. The book also considers the widespread anxiety effect of the fear of inequality; and discusses how far these developments in Japan represent a new form of social problem for the wider world.